India Powder Coating  


  IPC-E Newsletter: June  2003  
  Welcome to the June edition of the IPC e-newsletter.

This edition of the newsletter contains:

News features.
The Powder Coating Manual (Part 16)
Exhibitions and Conferences in June  and July 2003

If you have information you would like to have included in this newsletter, please contact the moderator using the details given at the end of each newsletter.

Important: Since this is an announcement group, only the list owner can send emails to the group. If you use the "Reply" button of your email software, the email will bounce back. Please send all your emails to or . DO NOT use the "Reply" button to send your contributions suggestions. 

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    News Features      

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Misconceptions about sieving powder

  Sieving is important only for very contaminated powder. 

Sieving will completely separate dust from powder. 

It is not necessary to sieve new powder.

The Truth

When powder is transported from the Manufacturer to the End user it is subjected to vibration resulting in compacting.

Recovered powder absorbs moisture from the atmosphere. Powder particles cling together and create lumps. During Spraying this powder does not get effectively charged. 

Moist powder also results in poor spray pattern and spitting and surging.

Most powder coaters do not sieve the powder or they manually sieve only the recycled powder. 
This is wrong. No amount of words can stress the importance of sieving both fresh and recovered powder with a proper sieve machine.

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Asian Paints loses colour

Asian Paints lost ground on selling pressure from market players.

Between 2 and 9 May 2003, the scrip of the largest Indian paints company plunged 6 per cent to Rs 338.80 from Rs 360. Prior to that, between 24 April and 2 May 2003, it rose 11.8 per cent to Rs 360 from Rs 322.

Dealers said the fall in the stock was due to offloading of stake by institutions. As per market buzz, Unit Trust of India was actively selling in the stock last week. 

There apparently is concern over the company's future growth following the rise in competition from contemporaries like Goodlass Nerolac. Fears that the company's March 2003 quarter results may be bad also contributed to the decline. The quarterly performance is expected to be impacted by the the rise in crude oil prices during the January-March quarter due to the US-Iraq war. Crude oil is a major raw material for paints. Further details on 

Berger Paints-Snowcem Deal Off 
(Financial Express)
Talks hit roadblock as differences on valuation crop up. The much-hyped deal between Berger Paints India Ltd and Snowcem India Ltd for acquiring the latter’s paints business, including intellectual property rights, has fallen apart. 

The negotiation for a probable acquistion has hit a roadblock because of differences which cropped up on the valuation of the deal. While NM Rothschild & Sons (India) Ltd was advising Snowcem India Ltd on this transaction, PricewaterhouseCoopers was appointed by Berger to conduct the due diligence. 

Informed sources said that the deal has fallen apart mainly on issues involving the valuation, among others. The valuation was dependent on the profitability multiple, based on which the due diligence was done. The report placed by the consultant threw up a number of issues which could not be ironed out by the two parties. 
Further details on 

ECS 2003 Wrap-Up

The world's largest coating raw materials show in Nuremberg had no sooner begun than it was all over. Despite the spread of the SARS virus, fears of terrorist attacks and the war in Iraq, the show once again proved a resounding success. The figures attest to the enduring attractiveness of the ECS - it was attended by more than 16,000 visitors or roughly 8% more than were at the 2001 show. About 50% came from outside Germany, from a total of 85 countries. Although visitor numbers from the USA, China and Japan were down, this was more than compensated by visitors from mainly Central and Eastern Europe.

Resignation Mr. Bremer from Akzo Nobel’s Supervisory Board 

Arnhem, the Netherlands, May 13, 2003 – Akzo Nobel N.V. announced today that Mr. L. Paul Bremer III has resigned his position as a member of Akzo Nobel’s Supervisory Board, following his acceptance of a high U.S. government position. 

Paul Bremer has been appointed by President Bush to be his Envoy to Iraq, heading the U.S.-led Office of Reconstruction and Humanitarian Assistance (ORHA). Because of U.S. conflict of interest rules, this means that he had to resign all his Board positions.

Aarnout Loudon, Chairman of Akzo Nobel's Supervisory Board said he is "very sorry to see Paul Bremer go," but accepted the resignation as he agreed "the new position to which Paul Bremer has been called by President Bush makes this unavoidable." He expressed his thanks and gratitude for the valuable contribution Mr. Bremer has made to Akzo Nobel.

Paul Bremer has served Akzo Nobel’s Supervisory Board since 1997, and has also been a member of the Nomination and Remuneration Committee since October 2002. 

Antimicrobial Powder Coating For Hospitals, Homes Uses Silver -- Germ Fighter Pioneered by Egyptians, Phoenicians

Ancient Egyptians used it to keep food supplies safe from fungus and mold. The Phoenicians used it to keep water from being spoiled by germs. Today silver is a key ingredient in new high-tech, powder coated finishes that hospitals and doctor's offices are using to protect walls, counters and other germ-gathering surfaces. Tomorrow those finishes may be used in home kitchens, bathrooms and on a wide variety of surfaces such as doorknobs, handles and push panels.

"These new finishes are an important tool in preventing the growth of microbes in or on commercial and consumer products such as HVAC systems, food service equipment, refrigerators and humidifiers, for use in hospitals, commercial buildings and homes," says Dr. Ravi Bhatkal of AgION Technologies, Inc.

The new finishes have been developed by the manufacturers of powder coating, an advanced method of finishing a wide range of materials and products. In powder coating, often called "dry painting," tiny dry particles of pigment and resin are given an electric charge, then sprayed on to a wide variety of consumer and industrial products. The electrostatic charge makes the powder particles stick to the surface. When heated in an oven, the powder is permanently fused into a uniform, durable, high-quality coating.

Long praised as a virtually pollution-free process that protects products from chips, scratches and stains, the new germ fighting powder coatings use silver as their key antimicrobial ingredient. Silver's protective benefits have been known since ancient times. And it's especially useful today, when germs are becoming increasingly resistant to modern antibiotics.

"Research shows that the mechanisms by which silver ions act against microbes are different than those by which antibiotics act," explains Dr. Bhatkal of AgION Technologies. "Silver also has multiple mechanisms of action. Use of silver as an antimicrobial is therefore unlikely to promote antibiotic resistance."
The new finishes have also been formulated to be effective long term. According to Greg Bocchi, Executive Director of The Powder Coating Institute, "Powder coating manufacturers have extended the protective life of the new finishes by developing an inorganic, ceramic additive that ensures the slow release of silver ions over a long period of time."

Antimicrobial powder coatings are currently in use at the new City of Hope's Helford Clinical Research Hospital in Duarte, California, on ductwork, door handles and hardware and push plates. Other hospitals and clinics are looking into using antimicrobial powder coated materials in emergency rooms, surgery areas and patients rooms, on cabinets, counters and other surfaces.
"These powder coatings just give us one more weapon against germs," says University of Arizona Microbiologist Dr. Charles Gerba, "They literally create self-sanitizing surfaces that require less time in cleaning and give us all greater peace of mind."

These uses appear to be just the start. Bosch and Siemens in Munich, Germany, is applying antimicrobial powder coating to the interior of refrigerators. Honeywell Corporation, in this country, is using powder coating to coat portable, air-blown humidifiers where wicks soak up water, which can provide a breeding ground for germs.

And in the Los Angeles area, AK Coatings is setting up a special Concept Home to field test antimicrobial powder coatings in high-touch areas on a wide variety of surfaces such as door knobs, handles and push panels, as well as on metal panels and railings inside the home's elevator.

Audit shows problems with 'incubator' grant 

The audit is done. But the question remains. 

Will Larry and Donna Fox, owners of Global Manufacturing Technologies, be able to make good on a promise to create more than two dozen jobs in Immokalee? 

The Collier Clerk of Courts Office has completed an internal audit of the Immokalee Manufacturing and Technology Center's second phase. The center, which received more than $1.3 million in state and county money, was expected to generate 22 jobs. 

But it hasn't created the first one. 

Instead, the building has been empty since June, attracting the attention of county auditors and leaving some local government officials wondering if they got their money's worth on the project, which was built to support a manufacturing center at Immokalee Regional Airport. 

Global Manufacturing partnered with county government on the project and was expected to create the jobs. However, the company's owners have yet to reach a lease agreement with the Collier County Airport Authority. 

The audit attempts to explain what went wrong with the project, without pointing any fingers. It appears some questions will never be answered, such as why a preliminary design wasn't done for the project before the county applied for a $750,000 Community Development Block Grant from the state to help pay for construction, said Ilonka Washburn, a senior internal auditor for Collier County who conducted the audit. 

Though the project came in over budget, an additional $100,000 to $120,000 is needed to complete a powder coating station for manufactured metals. It's not clear from where that money will come. If the additional equipment isn't purchased, about a third of the building can't be used. 
The new building was built to support the manufacturing center, a so-called incubator designed to attract and help growing manufacturing businesses in Collier County. 

Besides the powder coating center, it was to include an assembly area and a bonded warehouse where companies would be able to store materials and products under the control of U.S. Customs with lower tariffs. 

Titanium Tough. The New High-Temp Coating That Looks Cool 

Tough and good-looking. Sure, that’s what they say about us, but these words are also applied to some of the new coatings showing up on hot rods. 

For years, coatings meant chrome. Chrome contributes shine and style, but not much in the way of protection from heat or corrosion. A few years ago, powdercoating appeared as the hot new alternative to chrome. Powder-coating is colorful and offers excellent chip and scratch resistance, but can-not withstand temperatures above approximately 300 degrees.

Ceramic coatings, such as those offered by HPC and MCCI/Jet-Hot, give the advantage of high-temperature thermal protection for a reduction in radiated heat and lower underhood temperatures. Like chrome, thermocoatings provide a good-looking finish to engine parts. Unlike chrome, the high-temperature protection of ceramic coatings helps prevent corrosion and discoloring, making it a popular choice for exhaust headers.

The next step up the evolutionary ladder of coatings is the relatively new ceramic coating popularly known as titanium coating. The fact is, there really isn’t any titanium in titanium * coating. That’s just the name of one of several colors available, including gold, black, and white. The advantages of this high-temperature thermal coating with ceramic binders is its out-of-the-ordinary appearance as well as it’s extraordinary temperature rating—approximately 1,400 degrees metal temperature.

Akzo Nobel to divest Impregnated Papers business
Arnhem, the Netherlands, May 28, 2003 
Akzo Nobel announced today its intention to divest its Impregnated Papers business to Deutsche Beteiligungs AG and Harvest Partners Inc. for EUR 114 million. Akzo Nobel expects the transaction to be concluded by the end of June 2003.

News of the Month - May 2003
Paints and chemicals group ICI is to reduce its global workforce by more than 700 by 2005 as part of cost-cutting programme, with 300 positions set to go in the UK, 300 across the rest of Europe, 70 in North America and 30 from the rest of the world. The company made the announcement as it unveil

News of the Month - May 2003

Clariant, Switzerland's largest chemicals company, has put two of its five units up for sale, including Masterbatch and part of the life science and electronic chemicals units. The total assets up for disposal account for 7% of group sales, amounting to SF 650M ($490M). (Financial Times, 8 May 20

News of the Month - May 2003
Sico Inc. has acquired all shares of Para Inc., an architectural paint manufacturer located in Brampton for approximately $16.9M. Para is SICO's fifth acquisition since December 2000 and its largest to date. Founded in 1915, Para manufactures and distributes a full line of architectural paints an

News of the Month - May 2003
Plaza of Legacy Co. has launched a paint that helps combat the causes of so-called sick-building syndrome. The principal component of the paint is titanium dioxide, a optical catalyst that breaks down formaldehyde and other harmful substances in the air. Experiments conducted by a testing firm sh

News of the Month - May 2003
Two component waterbased polyurethane clearcoats are now available for commercial use as automotive topcoats, according to Bayer Polymers. The company has developed new raw materials technology and new application technology which makes waterbased systems commercially viable. The waterbased coati

News of the Month - May 2003
The one millionth powder-coated BMW left the assembly line in Dingolfing on 18 February 2003 - denoting over five years of commercial use of the technology on the BMW 7 series. (JOT, Apr 2003, 43 (4), 4)

US paint industry deals with lead labeling
The National Paint and Coatings Association (NPCA), based in Washington, DC, reached an agreement with US attorneys general on a new labeling program for lead.
Under the agreement, the NPCA will establish a national program of consumer warnings, point of sale information, and education related to the potential for lead-dust exposure during remodeling or renovating older buildings.
Coatings producers in the US will apply an interim sticker while working towards a permanent labeling program. The 19-month interim program will cover products manufactured on or after Sept. 30, 2003 and extend through April 30, 2005. The new labeling requirements will begin no later than December 31, 2004.

Dow announced start-up of converted epoxy resin plant in China
European Coatings Flash - May 19, 2003
The Dow Chemical Co. announced the start-up of production at the company's 41,000 metric-ton per-year epoxy resin plant at the Zhangjiagang site in China. The facility will produce solid epoxy resin used primarily in powder coatings, solid solution epoxy resins for marine and protective liquid coatings, and brominated epoxy resins for the production of electrical laminates. Markets for those end uses have experienced double-digit growth rates in China, said Phil Cook, Dow´s business vice president for Epoxy Products and Intermediates. The new plant will supply resins to China, other Asian countries and Australia.

Bri-Mar Manufacturing adds painting system 

Bri-Mar Manufacturing LLC,Chambersburg, PA USA
 a manufacturer of hydraulic dump trailers in Chambersburg, this spring increased its efficiency to adding a fully automated powder coat paint system. 

The paint line runs on a continuous track. Not only does the switch to powder coating create better appearance, it also provides a cleaner working atmosphere and is environmentally complacent. 

Kerr-McGee to close Mobile plant in june
European Coatings Flash - May 26, 2003

Kerr-McGee Chemical LLC, wholly owned by Kerr-McGee Corp., will close permanently its synthetic rutile plant in Mobile, Ala. June 5. The Mobile plant processes and supplies a portion of the feedstock for the company's two titanium dioxide pigment plants in the United States. Through Kerr-McGee's ongoing supply chain initiatives, the company is purchasing the feedstock more economically than can be manufactured at Mobile. The company anticipates that supply chain programs will result in annual operating savings of approximately $25 million to $30 million beginning in 2004.

Trenal and Akzo Nobel Inks join forces
European Coatings Flash - May 26, 2003
Akzo Nobel Inks has signed an agreement to acquire the entire share capital of Trenal S.A., a leading independent supplier specialized in web coldset newsinks and heatset inks. The former shareholders will remain a shareholder of the new group. Trenal is one of the leading players, and has one of the most modern Web inks manufacturing facilities, in Europe. The combination of Trenal and ANI will create a Web coldset business that is one of the Top 3 in Europe and also enable ANI to enter the large heatset inks market. The combined company will have in particular strong market positions in the Nordic countries and Benelux. Following the acquisition, it is planned that Trenal and ANI will continue to operate under their respective brands and all customer facing activities will continue as currently structured. In all other functions it will be looked to the best of both companies and combining functions as appropriate to create a world recognised Web inks company.

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    Exhibitions, Seminars, Course, Lectures  
3-5 June 2003, Yokohama, Japan
For further information, please go to: e/index.htm

4 June 2003, Sheffield, UK
For further information, please contact the Institute of Corrosion: Tel: + 44 1709 820166 or go to:

2-3 June 2003, Berlin, Germany
For further information, please contact: Dr Dirk Meine, Vincentz Verlag, Schiffgraben 43, 30175 Hannover, Germany. Tel: + 49 511 99 10 212; Fax: + 49 511 9910 279 or go to:

11-12 June 2003, Cologne, Germany
For further information, please go to:

24 June 2003, Virginia Beach, USA
For further details, please go to:

29 July - 1 August 2003, Sheffield, UK
For further information, please go to:

16-17 July 2003, Mexico City, Mexico
For further information, please contact: dmg world media (uk) ltd, Queensway House, 2 Queensway, Redhill, RH1 1QS, Surrey, UK. Tel: + 44 1737 855488; Fax: + 44 1737 855474; 

  Powder Coater’s Manual ------- (Part - 16)  

Standard weight steel pipe and cast iron fittings can be used throughout the washer for all equipment piping. Schedule 80 CPVC is also excellent for washer interior plumbing but there is some concern where heated solutions will be run. Temperatures in excess of 140 °F (60 °C) can cause CPVC to sag. Stainless steel is acceptable for any stage but may be cost prohibitive.

Zinc phosphate solutions, chrome rinses and DI or RO water should have type 304 stainless steel or schedule 80 CPVC. Directional turns should be held to a minimum in all piping to reduce line pressure losses as much as possible. Piping is sized to deliver the required amounts of solution and to maintain recommended pressures at the nozzles.

The spray headers should be supplied near the centers of the manifold, feeding both ways rather than from one end and they should be of the same size pipe full length, with no reduction in size for volume delivery control.

Top headers and drop spray pipes are typically preferred. When bottom headers and vertical spray pipes are used, the bottom headers should have valved ends so the lines can be thoroughly flushed. The installation should be made for easy removal for cleaning. In the phosphate spray zone, a transition fitting should be installed directly on top of the pump discharge, to make the pipe line to the headers at least one pipe size larger than the pump discharge pipe size.


The risers are mounted vertically in the spray zones, supplied from a header, with nozzles that spray onto the work in progress. Typically, risers will be installed on 12" horizontal centers with a stagger pattern of nozzles on 12" vertical centers. As the conveyor increases in speed
it is possible to increase the spacing of the risers. The following table gives a guide for spacing of the risers at various line speeds.


Glass reinforced polypropylene, clamp-on type nozzles are recommended. They are easier to clean, change and adjust than threaded steel nozzles.

In most cleaner and rinse stages a 50-50 flat spray nozzle is best. Nozzle sizes, such as 50-50, refer to the GPM of output and fan spray angle at 40 PSI. A 50-50 nozzle will spray 5.0 GPM at a 500 spray angle at 40 PSI. The output and spray angle will change at lower pressures.

Nozzles are mounted in a staggered pattern to provide good impingement on the entire work surface. Fan spray patterns should be adjusted on a 10° angle from vertical.

Nozzles near the end of the process stage should be adjusted in slightly to help prevent carry over into another stage. 

In the phosphate section a hollow cone type nozzle should be used. A flooding type nozzle should be used in a final D.I. halo rinse and most chromic final rinses where high impact pressure can remove coating.

Typical Nozzle Volume and Pressures:
Cleaner and Rinses, 4 to 5 GPM at 15 to 20 PSI
Iron Phosphate, 2.8 GPM at 10 to 15 PSI
Zinc Phosphate, 5.0 GPM at 10 PSI
Misting Nozzles (for wetting in drain zones), flooding type, 0.5 GPM at 10 PSI.

Note: It is good practice to connect the last riser in a rinse stage to a fresh water supply and use it as make up water for improved rinsing. A flow meter and valve attached to the inlet provides very accurate control of the overflow rate

Water Conservation

It is very important to minimize water consumption, especially if waste treatment is necessary. Even if water is comparatively inexpensive for an operation now, chances are this will not always be the case and it makes sense to conserve water and chemicals. Several methods of water conservation can be incorporated into your washer.

Counterflow of the rinse stages from the last rinse back toward the preceding stages is one popular way of saving water. The proper way to do this is to attach a pipe from the discharge of the final rinse, plumb it to the preceding stage and connect it to a pair of risers with nozzles that have a very low flow rate, 0.3 to 0.5 GPM

This set of risers will spray the parts as they exit the process stage, providing extra rinsing, and the overflow will drain to the process tank as make up. Fresh water will be introduced to the final rinse to make up for this overflow to the preceding stage. The make up pipe and the counterflow pipe should be equipped with a flow meter and manual ball valve to regulate the volume. This counterflow method makes the final rinse the cleanest water and reuses overflowed water. The chemical supplier can suggest the proper stages to overflow and what volume. Another method of conserving both water and chemical is an oil skimmer in the cleaner stage. Oil skimmers are available at a relatively low cost and they can significantly increase the life of the cleaner bath. Belt type oil skimmers do not perform very well in pretreatment solutions. A circulating system that separates the oil and returns the solution back to the tank can work very well. The skimmer tank is small, around 500 gallons and sits right next to the solution tank.

Another thing that can reduce the life of the cleaner bath is a build-up of solids in the solution. To keep the volume of solids in the cleaner tank to a minimum, a bag filter can be used. Bag filters can be installed in the discharge line coming from the solution circulating pump or they can be installed with a separate circulating pump. The circulating pump pulls the solution out, passes it through the filter to remove the solids and returns it to the tank.

Solids will settle on the floor in the form of sludge. The outlet to the bag filter may not have sufficient force to pull from the entire tank floor. The most effective way to remove solids from the tank is to use a separate circulating pump and a flushing arrangement. In this arrangement,
a series of pipes is located near the floor of the tank with a series of nozzles or eductors mounted along their length. Solids are flushed along the floor of the tank towards an the outlet by the rows of eductors. This provides more complete removal of solids from the tank. The piping and pump will add cost to the installation and it may not be practical for lower line speeds (under 15 FPM) with smaller tank volumes.

The size of the filter media should not be below 200 micron. Very small particulate will quickly load the filter and plug it up. Dual bag filters are often used to make the system more efficient with less frequent cleaning. The first filter is around 500 micron and the second is around 200 micron. In this way the first filter can remove the grosser sized particulate and the second filter can catch the finer particles. Valves are installed on each side of each filter so that they can be isolated from the flow and cleaned without turning the pump off. Gauges should be attached to the discharge pipe of the solution circulating pump leading to the manifold to allow monitoring and adjustment of the pump pressure and the solution temperature. A high quality, liquid filled, pressure gauge should be used for long life and accurate output. A valve is installed in the discharge pipe to control pressure.

Solution Heating

The heating of a solution is one way to enhance performance. Solutions are generally heated by steam coils or by an internal heat exchanger with a gas burner. With any system of solution heating, automatic heat control must be provided.

It is important to use an efficient design and to maintain it in good working condition to avoid excessive operating cost and ensure the correct temperature. To be sure that the heat exchanger is properly maintained, heating surfaces should be designed and installed to allow access for cleaning of the tanks and heating surfaces. Many commercially available heat exchangers are poorly suited to perform efficiently in a spray washer solution. Steam coils or immersion tubes of a very specific design should be used to provide the performance required.

Immersion Tubes

Immersion tubes should be serpentine tube bundles with manufactured long radius weld elbows and returns for maximum energy efficiency. This will provide the best possible efficiency and lowest maintenance. Heat exchangers with sharp corners or mitered joints will not perform as well and they will wear out much sooner. The gas burner fires into one end of the tube and the gases exhaust from the other end.

Some manufacturers run the exhaust pipe from the immersion tube inside the washer tunnel. This will prematurely rust the surrounding area, adversely affect the pretreatment process and cause damage to CPVC plumbing. The correct design is to run the exhaust pipe outside of the tunnel and insulate it to avoid danger to personnel. 

Steam Coils

Steam coils can provide efficient heating of a chemical solution. Steam from an existing plant boiler with excess capacity is cost effective. For new installations the addition of a high-pressure boiler is too expensive to be cost justified.

External Heat Exchanger 

An alternative to an immersion tube or steam coil for solution heating is a plate and frame heat exchanger, mounted externally, leaving the inside of the tank free of obstructions. This device uses steam heat and is typically more expensive than a gas fired burner because of the need for a small, low pressure, boiler as a heat source. It is efficient to operate and makes the solution tanks easier to clean because there is nothing inside them.

If the part has pockets that trap moisture, it may be necessary to set up a high-velocity blow-off. The blow-off will remove the heavy moisture and sheer the water out, making sure that there are no phosphate residues. They also make it easier for the dry-off oven to do a complete and economical job of drying. The blow-off should have a fan discharging into ductwork on both sides of the conveyor with a filtered inlet. The discharge velocity is typically around 3,000 feet per minute (915 meters/minute). This type of blower arrangement is more efficient and less expensive than compressed air. 

Some distance (at least one foot or 30 centimeters) should be left between the washer exit and the blow-off so that their respective air flows work independently.

  To be Continued.....  

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Subscribe to the e-biz-newsletter, which contains information about potential customers who are in need of products related to powder coating.

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Dear Sir,
We have located your company through internet and would like to brief you on our capabilities.
We at Akzo Nobel Hangzhou Powder Coating Co., Ltd is a manufacturer of powder coating, invested by Netherlands Akzo Nobel Coating Intentional B.V. Our powder production has four series:epoxy,epoxy/polyester,polyester and polyurethane. 
Shao wei, Sales Manager, Akzo Nobel Hangzhou Powder Coating Co., Ltd
Moderator:  Welcome aboard. .
Dear Mr. Soley, 
It was nice to talk to you on the phone today. Your website had been very helpful for us in researching Indian powder coatings manufacturers. Also, if you have a chance, please let me know if any Indian manufacturers specialize in powder coatings for pipes and re-bars. Thank you on advance for your help. Sincerely, Sam Melamed, EP Consulting Group USA
Moderator: It is always interesting to receive response from the other side of the globe. We hope the May issue of our newsletter must have helped you in assessing the powder manufacturing capacity of India. .
Hi Menal/Vivek
We just went through an extremely interesting article by Mr. Arjun on waterproofing, which is published on your site. Since we are associated with the construction industry, we would like to know more about the uses, features, benefits & short comings of Polyurethane both Single & Double Component. 
Honey Ahuja.
Moderator:  We had forwarded your comments to Mr. Sen and you must have received a reply from him.  
Hello Vivek,
Thanks for subscribing me to the news-letter. My name is Vikas Gupta and I own a paint show room at Patna, Bihar. I wish to open a small scale cement-paint plant for which I need the support from you and all the members  of this e-group. I hope to be of help to other members too in this group.
Vikas Gupta (on Yahoo messenger)
Moderator: It was  Nice to chat with you
. You are now on our mailing list.  
Dear Sirs , 
We are pleased to introduce ourselves as the exclusive distributors of Luena PE wax from Leuna Polymer Gmbh Germany in India and are now offering oxidized and non-oxidized waxes ( manufactured by high pressure polymerization ) for a variety of functions and applications.

Moderator:  Welcome aboard. .

Vivek Soley Visitors may chat with the moderator using the yahoo messenger ( or the msn messenger ( The moderator is available online during 03:00 to 03:30 PM IST(09:30-10:00 UTC).

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