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MARCH 2005

Welcome to the March 2005 edition of the IPC e-newsletter. The IPC e newsletter is distributed free to more than 2500 people around the world.

This edition of the newsletter contains:

News features.

The Powder Coating Manual (Part 38)

Exhibitions and Conferences in March and April 2005

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NEROLAC comes forward to paint the future of young India

Goodlass Nerolac Paints Limited (GNPL) the second largest paint company in the country donated Rupees Fifty Thousand towards the education and health care for the children of Concern India Foundation. It also sponsored an exclusive painting competition for the children of the foundation at the CCI East Lawn, Churchgate, Mumbai. The event took place from 4:00pm – 5:30pm on Friday, February 11, 2005. Renowned Classical Bengali Actress Raima Sen and the very suave model and actress Anupama Verma were present for the event and shared moments of fun and laughter.

Nerolac has always been committed to making a difference in society. The company invests heavily towards child welfare to improve the quality of life and sense of well being of the young lives. The company has also constituted a Welfare Trust, which has been regularly making donations to institutes that are dedicated towards the betterment of the future of the underprivileged children

Speaking on the occasion, Mr. Bharuka, Managing Director, Nerolac said, We are driven by our aim to support those projects in society, which are sustainable and relevant to the society and join hands in bigger ventures with NGO’s in projects that look at developing the community at large. Supporting NGO’s in helping underprivileged children etc have been our key initiatives in community development. A community initiative works best when the intention is genuinely focused at making our contribution to the people who make us what we are. If we can even make a difference to the society around us, then I think we will have proved our credentials as the country’s second largest company in the paint sector.

We innately believe that the resources to change the face of the country is what we have always had, and with the right mix of good intentions, grit and our passion we sure can say it with conviction - Nerolac hi hai jo har kisi ke dil ko choota hai.”

Speaking on the Occasion, Ms. Kavita Shah, CEO Concern India Foundation, said - " We really appreciate Nerolac's support towards Concern India Foundation. The Child Art Exhibition is a delightful event that gives under privileged children an opportunity to showcase their talents".

Nerolac as a self-imposed policy contributes on an average 0.5 % to 0.75 % of its profit every year towards social causes. Nerolac also formalised a framework for Corporate Social Responsibility, the mission for which is ‘to positively contribute to the development of society by acting as a good neighbour, considerate of each other, playing a role of good corporate citizen with passion and compassion.’

About Goodlass Nerolac Paints Limited: Goodlass Nerolac Paints has been at the forefront of paint manufacturing for more than 84 years pioneering a wide spectrum of quality paints. Goodlass Nerolac is the second largest paint company in India and undisputed leader in Industrial segment, having a turnover of Rs. 925 crores (over Rs 1000 crore of group turnover). The company has five strategically located manufacturing units all over India and a strong dealer network of over 11000 dealers across the country. The company manufactures a diversified range of products ranging from architectural coatings for homes, offices, hospitals and hotels to sophisticated industrial coatings for most of the industries.

About Concern India Foundation: Started in 1991, Concern India Foundation (CIF) is a non-profit, public charitable trust that supports development-oriented organisations working for the disadvantaged.

Paint co's may pass on input cost hikes to consumers
ROBUST demand for paints has probably given some paint companies the confidence to pass on some of the input cost increases but margin pressures are expected to remain.

Asian Paints (India) Ltd, which recently increased prices by an average 4.5 per cent across all product categories, expects this move to help the company partially offset price hikes in raw materials. Prices of raw materials for the paint industry have been on an upturn tracking the trend in crude oil prices.

Paint companies, especially the small regional players, may not have the wherewithal to pass on input costs rises. The increase in input costs has impacted small-scale paint manufacturers whose margins have been affected severely, industry representatives said at a seminar on paint industry held here recently.

Goodlass Nerolac Paints Ltd has also been selective in raising prices and has not resorted to across the board hikes, an official of the company said. But he believes that going forward prices of some key inputs could soften.

"These price increases at Asian Paints should help partially offset input cost impacts for paint companies,'' said an official of Asian Paints. <more>

Discussions in the (Indian Powder Coating Manufacturers Association) IPCMA
During their last meeting the members of the newly formed association further discussed matters about bad debts and other policies. Some more manufacturers are expected d to join the association and certain raw material suppliers may be invited as guests in future.

We have started getting feedback from our subscribers on the formation of this association. Given below are some of them

Chat interview with R Venkatesan of Titan Paints

R Venkatesan: good morning
IPC : good morning
IPC: how are u
R Venkatesan: good
R Venkatesan: and u?
IPC: fine.. How do u react to the news on the formation of the association of some of the powder manufacturers? in the north
R Venkatesan: it is a welcome move.  in every respect.  It will become popular a matter of time.
IPC: It should..if the members stick together !
R Venkatesan: A time will come when they will be forced to stick together for their survival.
IPC: and how do u think will the bigger players like react to this?
R Venkatesan: they may not be interested to start with,  but it is a matter of time as I said  they must offer the office to the bigger players, : then they will come . The bigger players will have better bargaining power with the Government.
IPC:  but if they offer the office to bigger players, the people who formed this association will be left in the margin
R Venkatesan: yeah but ultimately everyone will gain
IPC: yes.
R Venkatesan: they should see the broader perspective if they are selfish then the association will not take off
IPC: thanks for the interview
R Venkatesan: you are welcome

Feedback from Mitsuba
There must be an association which must protect all interests--The consumer must be protected by ensuring that he is not given a bad product
and the supplier ( both equipment and powder) must be protected by ensuring that they receive their money.
Mitsuba is willing to assist in the formation of such a body which undoubtedly will be healthy for the Powder Coating Industry.

Feedback from Redline
I think the Indian industry needs something like this – there are a lot of problems facing people in this industry today.
Himanshu Shah, Director

Feedback from an anonymous powder manufacturer.
This is certainly helpful in highlighting the problems, the powder manufacturers come across.  As for delayed payments, In the present situation some customers take due advantage of non unity amongst the powder manufacturers and some of them practice the trend of shifting from one brand to another after the credit amount payable to one manufacture goes up.

In the recent times some of the powder coating users have chosen to hold online auctions to source suppliers for their annual requirement of powder coating. The quantities committed in the bidding for document are huge. In many cases twice or more than the actual usage which attracts the manufacturer to bid lowest price. It is our experience that once the supplier is sourced, these customers they forget all the terms committed in the auction document. The manufacturer, who has already quoted his lowest price with due consideration to attractive terms that the buyer company has offered during the bid ultimately finds himself in a difficult situation.

Associations is good idea but is will take quite some time see all major manufacturers participate , someone has to start the activity and this is certainly a good initiative taken by somebody. All the best.

Henkel: Higher sales and earnings in 2004
The Henkel Group significantly exceeded its prior-year figures in fiscal 2004 - both in sales with an increase of 12.3 percent and in operating profit (EBIT) with an increase of 12.7 percent (excluding exceptional items).
Sales at the Consumer & Craftsmen Adhesives business sector increased 10.1 percent to 1,446 million euros. Adjusted for foreign exchange, sales grew 13.8 percent. In addition to the acquisitions made, organic growth well above the market also contributed to this performance. Operating profit increased by 6.1 percent to 150 million euros. After adjusting for foreign exchange, the increase was 9.3 percent. The return on sales (EBIT) fell 0.4 percent-age points to 10.4 percent, primarily due to increases in raw material prices that have not yet been fully offset.
The Henkel Technologies business sector reported a 4.7 percent increase in sales to 2,791 million euros. After adjusting for foreign exchange, sales rose by 8.8 percent with strong organic growth a major contributory factor. Operating profit improved by 21.5 percent to 235 million euros. Adjusted for foreign exchange, the increase was 27.7 percent. Due to the positive sales performance and improved cost structures, the return on sales (EBIT) rose 1.1 percentage points to 8.4 percent.

DuPont Integrates Powder Coatings and Adhesive Businesses
DuPont’s Packaging and Industrial Polymers (P&IP) business and DuPont’s Advanced Coatings Systems announced that its multi-component technology offerings of powder coatings and adhesive products would become integrated using the capabilities of DuPont products and global business infrastructure. Currently, DuPont provides powder coatings through DuPont Powder Coatings, while adhesive products fall under DuPont’s Packaging and Industrial Polymers (P&IP) business. These protective coating systems serve the oil and gas pipeline industry.

Ciba 2004: Sales in local currencies up 8 percent
Ciba Specialty Chemicals announced full year results for 2004. Armin Meyer, Chairman of the Board and Chief Executive Officer comments: "In 2004, we substantially enhanced the portfolio with acquisitions, and further aligned the business to rapidly changing market conditions. We were able to increase sales and, before restructuring and special charges, profitability over the previous year, despite a demanding competitive environment and a severe negative currency impact." Sales for the year were 8 percent higher in local currencies and 6 percent higher in Swiss francs compared with 2003, reaching CHF 7.03 billion. Net income, before restructuring and special charges, was up 10 percent to CHF 379 million. On a comparable basis, before special items in 2003 and 2004, as well as before restructuring and special charges, net income was up 5 percent. Net income, including all effects, was CHF 311 million.
Coating Effects sales were up 3 percent in local currencies and 1 percent in Swiss francs. Growth was evenly spread across Asia-Pacific, as well as Europe and the Americas. Demand for automotive and decorative/architectural colors continued firm. Imaging & Ink product sales recovered from a weak start of the year. Coating Effects stabilized the margin on a high level despite the pressures in several areas.

A Manufacturing Plant Rebuilds After a Tornado
Almost 7 months ago a F-4 tornado ripped through Central Illinois destroying a manufacturing plant. The image is still fresh in the mind of Parsons Company employees. All 150 employees at the plant lived through the devastating storm, but the damage forced employees to work at different sites around Peoria. But on Saturday morning, workers started moving into a new building at the old site.  The paint is still wet and boxes are still being unpacked.

But, when its all said and done there will be new state-of-the art technology along with renewed attitude inside Parsons Company. Owner Bob Parsons said, "Vision of rebuilding was coming to me. And, naturally there was a lot of the doubts that crossed my mind there the  first couple days." That vision originally began almost 31 years ago when Bob Parsons started the company. Now, with cutting edge technology, Parsons plans to bring the plant back from the wrath of July's tornado.  This includes an automated powder coating system and four-times the space compared to before. Most of the plant is brand new except for some of its bathrooms.  Employees found shelter inside the bathrooms during the tornado. Still, damage from the storm remains on walls and in the hearts of employees.

Sales Manager Mike Troncin said, "It’s strange because after the tornado for about a month, month in a half, it had seemed like it had just happened yesterday." But, four new and thicker storm shelters should help ease the tensions of that horrifying day. Human Relations Manager Craig Joraanstad said, "We can go into a shelter that will withstand a far greater tornado than we actually witnessed and it’s just for our peace of mind."

And as some might brag, it could be the safest place in Woodford County. <more>

Substrates powder coating
Dulux has recently developed a powder coating system for heat sensitive substrates such as MDF board that allows freedom of design at a reasonable cost and with minimal impact on the environment.

The Dulux Trimatrx system allows designers to create smooth, round corners, soft bevelled edges, decorative or functional port holes and openings for furniture, commercial interiors, shop displays, kitchen fittings and the like.

Powder coating is an environmentally friendly which is essentially paint without liquid. There are little, if any, volatile organic compounds which means no solvents, no water and no sludge to manage.

Dulux Trimatrx comes in 16 stock colours specifically formulated for application over engineered timber products such as MDF board and plywood. Practically any colour, including pearl and/or textured finishes can be produced by Dulux on a made to order basis.

Berger Beckers moves coil coating production to larger factory in India
Berger Becker Coatings Pvt Ltd., an Indian joint venture company owned by AB Wilh. Becker (51%) and Berger Paints India Ltd. (49%), has responded to the rapid growth in the Indian coil coating market by relocating to a larger factory in Goa with space for further expansion. Berger Becker is the leading supplier of coil coatings to the Indian market.
On a 19,000 sq.m. plot, the new plant can produce batches up to 12,000 litres. A semi-automatic base blending system enables fast, accurate response for colour production. The product portfolio includes a full range of PVdFs, metallic and textured finishes, as well as polyesters, silicone polyesters, primers and backing coats. Full commissioning is expected by mid-2005. The plant serves all the main Indian pre-coating lines, as well as customers in Nepal, Bangladesh and Dubai.

Vacuum Cleaner suits heavy duty clean-ups.
February 24, 2005 09:02 - Three-phase, HEPA-filtered CFM 08 Series offer oversized main filters to prevent premature clogging, filter shaker handle to shake down filters, and side inlet to provide better cyclonic effect for maximum suction power and minimal clogging. Vacuums feature quieter-running motors, cord holders, extra-large wheels, wrap-around handles, and hinged doors. Typical applications include industrial manufacturing, food manufacturing, powder coating, and metalworking.

Sales leads from ebiz newsletter
 Our website generates a number of sales leads every week. Such sales leads can generate business for a several products. You must have observed that we are eager to share such information with all the relevant people. Unlike, other business website which restrict "supplier to customer" interaction, we promote this activity.

Subscribe to the e-biz-newsletter, which contains information about potential customers who are in need of products related to powder coating.

To get this e-biz-newsletter, the user would have to pay a small annual processing fee. Please send a DD of Rs 3000 (US$ 60) in favour of "India Powder Coating" payable at Indore at the
contact address

Some of the recent leads generated during the last month are now also available on an individual basis for Rs 500 or US $ 10 each. Here are some of them.

1, Powder coating plant required in MP, India.
2, Powder coating plant required in Gujrat, India.
3. Testing and measureming instruments needed at a automobile unit in Maharashtra, India
4. Major Consumer electronics company plans expansion including powder coating plant in Gujrat, India
5 Powder Coating Plant required in Tunesia
6, RAL sereis powder required in Pune, Maharashtra, India
7. 95 tons of Fusion Bond Epoxy Powder required in UAE.
8. Dhaka, Bangla Desh company searches for powder coating and Teflon coating supplier from India.
9. Digital Oven Calibrators needed in Kolkata, India.
10. Powder Coating Plant required in Iran.




  Seminar Events Exhibitions  

Wasserlackiertechnik Automotive
7 - 9 March. 2005
DFO e.V. Details ...

Applied Rheology for the Coatings Industry
7 March. 2005
Paint Research Association Details ...

Principles of Waterborne Coatings
8 - 9 March. 2005
Paint Research Association Details ...

Asia Coatings Forum 2005
9 - 10 March 2005,
Hotel Equatorial, Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam.
Contact: The  Coatings Group, dmg world media, Queensway House, 2 The Queensway House, 2  Queensway, Redhill, Surrey, RH1 1QS, UK. Tel: (+44) 1737 855284 Fax: (+44) 1737 855284 Email: tickets@uk.dmgworldmedia.com

Low Molecular Weight Polymers for Extrusion and Their Properties"
Dr. Navin Shah Technologist (Retd.), Rohm & Haas Powder Coatings, USA (formerly Morton International, USA),
Date: Friday, March 11, 2005
Time: 4:00 pm
Venue: AIPMA (All India Plastic Manufacturer's Association) House
A - 52, Street 1, MIDC Marol, Bombay 400 093.

12 - 15 March. 2005
Maxima International Exhibitions Details ...

Pulverlackiertechnik - Grundlegende Zusammenhänge für die Praxis
14. - 18 March. 2005
DFO e.V. Details ...

FLEXO 2005
Solutions for the printing of flexible & corrugated packaging, labels, folded cartons and related applications.
15 - 17 March 2005, NEC, Birmingham, UK.
Michelle A.Corbyn Event Manager Tel: +44 (0)20 7915 5687 Fax: +44 (0)20 7915  5021.

Fluid Sealing Course
15. - 16 March. 2005
BHR Group Limited, Mark Butcher Details ...

Expo Coating 2005
15 - 17 March 2005
ITE Group Plc Details ...

Color Design Technology
15 - 17 March. 2005
EMU Livonia Campus, MI/USA
Eastern Michigan University Details ...

Hygienic Coatings & Surfaces
16 - 17 March. 2005
Paint Research Association Details ...

SVLFC Generalversammlung
17March 2005
Schaffhausen/Switzerland and STO Werk Weizen/Germany
SVLFC, Dr. Nicole Frick Details ...

What is Paint?
21 March 2005
Paint Research Association Details ...

Coatings and Paint Technology: Composition and Application Fundamentals
22.3. - 24.3. 2005
Ypsilanti, MI/USA
Eastern Michigan University Details ...

Powder Coating Technology
22- 23March 2005
Paint Research Association Details ...

Annual Exhibition and Conference of the Romanian paint industry. 29 - 31
March 2005, Bucharest, Romania  ...

3.4. - 7.4. 2005
Houston, TX//USA
NACE International - The Corrosion Society

Powder Coating Europe 2005 Surface Technology
Hannover Messe
11.4. - 15.4. 2005
Vincentz Network

Advanced Colour Measurement & Colour Control
13.4. - 14.4. 2005
Teddington/Great Britain
Paint Research Association

2nd International Coater's Congress
13.4. - 14.4. 2005
Vincentz Network

Colour Measurement & Colour Control
13.4. - 14.4. 2005
Paint Research Association

ASC 2005 Spring Convention and Expo
17.4. - 20.4. 2005
Columbus, OH/USA
The Adhesive and Sealant Council, Inc.

Primus: Varnish and Paint Industry
19.4. - 22.4. 2005
Primus Exhibitions Group Ltd.

Professional Paint Formulation
19.4. - 20.4. 2005
Paint Research Association

Innovation In Color Technology
20.4. - 22.4. 2005
Color Pigments Manufacturers Association

interpack 2005
21.4. - 27.4. 2005
Messe Düsseldorf

8th Nürnberg Congress
25.4. - 26.4. 2005
Vincentz Network

European Coatings Show 2005
plus Adhesives, Sealants, Construction Chemicals
26.4. - 28.4. 2005
Vincentz Verlag

Polymers for Coating Technologists
26.4. - 28.4. 2005
Ypsilanti, MI/USA
Eastern Michigan University

Purchasers' Day
26.4. 2005
Vincentz Network

Ink Makers´ Forum
27.4. 2005
Vincentz Network

Production Technology
27.4. 2005
Vincentz Network

Construction Chemicals
27.4. 2005
Nuremberg/ Germany
Vincentz Network

27.4. 2005
Vincentz Network



  Powder Coating Manual -"The Convection Curing Oven"------ (Part - 38)  

When a thermoset powder is exposed to elevated temperature, it will begin to melt. As the material begins to melt, it will flow out and then
chemically react to form a higher molecular weight polymer in a network- like structure. This cure process, called crosslinking, requires a
certain degree of temperature for a certain length of time in order to reach full cure and establish the full film properties that the material
was designed for. The chart below shows a curve of time temperature relationship for a theoretical powder material. The powder would cure
at any point on the curve from 10 minutes at 420 °F to 25 minutes at 320 °F (10 mins. at 215.6 °C to 25 mins. at 160 °C).
The application of energy to the product to be cured can be accomplished by convection cure ovens or infrared cure ovens.

1 Convection Cure Ovens
convection oven uses a heat source, most commonly a gas burner, and a fan to heat the interior of an insulated enclosure. Different powder
materials require different cure temperatures, commonly in a range between 350 °F and 400 °F (177 - 204 °C). The part is heated by the
hot air in the oven and it in turn conducts heat into the coating. The coating must be held at temperature for a predetermined length of
time to reach full cure. So the cure cycle is so many minutes at so many degrees of temperature. The time it takes to bring the metal up to temperature must be added to the cure time requirement to determine the full cycle time in the oven.

Convection cure time may be as short as 10 minutes or as long as 30 minutes, depending on the mass of the substrate and the cure requirements
of the powder. Convection curing is dependable and flexible. The oven can be adjusted along a full range of temperature requirements
and the line speed can be adjusted for the time requirement. The part can be exposed for a longer period of time than what is
called for, usually with no change in color, gloss or performance in the coating. Energy consumption is related to the load of product, the
amount of insulation and the volume of exhaust. Typically, a gas-fired oven is very efficient and cost effective.

The oven interior skin should be aluminized steel because it has superior heat resistance over galvanized or cold rolled steel (CRS). The
outside oven skin can be galvanized, aluminized or painted CRS. The steel should be 20 gauge thickness. All of the oven trim should be the
same metal as the skin.

The insulation should be No. 4 density mineral wool or equivalent fiberglass and the thickness should be 1" for every 100 °F (37.8 °C) or
fraction of 100 °F. If an oven has a maximum rating of over 500 °F (260 °C), the oven panel should be 6" thick. The roof and walls should
be the same panel thickness but the floor may be plain concrete, aluminized skin or insulated oven panel. Elevated ovens must have an
insulated floor. Floor mounted ovens should have 2 to 3" (5 to 8 centimeters) of insulation. It is possible to use a steel skin with no
insulation but there is significant heat loss through the floor.

Duct Design
Cure oven ductwork should be designed to circulate air in a way that will maintain even heat throughout the oven and not create turbulence.
Excessive air velocity in the cure oven can cause powder to be blown off of parts. It can also cause parts to swing around and hit
other parts or the walls of the oven.

The best location for the duct is the ceiling, located in the corners and between passes in a multiple pass oven, with the air directed down
towards the floor. Discharge cones or nozzles are used to adjust the volume and velocity of air as it exits. With the return at the center, the
air will circulate back up through the parts.

The floor is also an acceptable location, arranged under the conveyor with air passing up through the parts. However, floor duct will inhibit
cleaning the oven interior and it is subject to damage if parts fall off the conveyor.

Unlike the dry-off oven, air impingement on the parts is not desirable in a cure oven. It may accelerate curing but it will also blow powder off
the parts and can blow dirt onto them as well. High velocity should be avoided inside a powder cure oven.
Oven Size

The oven size will depend on the size and mass of the product to be run and the production volume. The oven must be sized to handle the
largest part with enough burner capacity to handle the heaviest load of product.

A batch oven cycle time will typically be around 15 to 20 minutes. The oven interior should be big enough to handle 20 minutes worth
of production. In some cases, two ovens are necessary to maintain a flow of work.

Combination Dry-off/Cure Ovens
The interior size of an oven for a conveyorized system will depend on the largest part size and the production line speed. The actual length
of the conveyor will be the cure time required plus the bring-up time of the substrate, times the line speed. If the metal of the part takes 5
minutes to bring up to the design temperature and the powder takes 15 minutes of cure time, the oven cycle time will be twenty minutes. If
the line is travelling at 10 feet per minute (3 meters/min.) the oven will need 200 linear feet (60 meters) of conveyor.
bring-up time + cure time = cycle time cycle time x line speed = length of conveyor in oven

Oven Balancing
Even air flow and temperature balance in a convection oven is important. If there are areas that are not even in temperature the coating
may not be uniformly cured and color and gloss may vary. To make sure that the oven is evenly heated, a temperature recording device
should be run through the oven at least once a month. Using several probes to read both air and part temperature from top to bottom, the
operator can determine if any problems are likely to occur and where the temperature variance in the oven is located. They can also determine
how long it takes to bring the metal to temperature so that the cure cycle time is known. Adjustments to the discharge ductwork can
then be used to create even distribution of the oven energy supplied by the heat source and conveyor speed can be adjusted to provide the
proper time in the oven.

2 Combination Dry-off/Cure Ovens
Some manufacturers offer a single oven with one route through for drying and one route for curing. This arrangement saves capital equipment
cost and some manufacturers may claim that it saves energy. However, moisture drying and curing operations should not be done
in the same oven. Moisture evaporation can affect the cure process and uncured powder can drift onto parts in the drying section and
cause dirt defects. Air flow and temperature requirements for drying and curing are not the same.

As for energy savings, the amount of fuel required to dry and cure the parts will be the same regardless of whether it comes from one burner



Great job

Kodman Inc,

We are unable to read your e-mails. could you in future send them through as TEXT messages.
Thank you,
Scott Bader
Moderator: The newsletter is sent in the html format. Most of the email software support this format. If you have problems in reading it, you can always visit www.ipconweb.com/nom.htm for the current edition of the newsletter.

Dear Mr. Vivek Soley,

Your reference has given to us by our Principals, BYK-Gardner, Germany. Kindly let us have details of your activity.
Best regards
J.P. Gosar, Premier Colorscan Instruments, Thane -(W), India.
Moderator: We maintain a website on powder coating activity in India

Dear Sir,
We are Pune based Panel manufacturer and Automation systems integration organisation. We are looking for the above mentioned colour ( RAL4006) shed in powder coating. Is it available with you? or can you suggest any similer matching shed for the same?
Your early reply for this is highly appreciable.

Kind Regards,

Hemantkumar Shete
Softcon Systems Pune

I am interested in powder coating my products.
Aric Takazawa, Research Assistant Tissue Genesis, Inc.
Moderator: We have passed on your query to our ebiznewsletter


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India Powder Coating
Vivek Soley
3, Lalaram Nagar, Indore, 452001 MP India
Phone 91 731 2492291
Mobile 9826297112
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